In the arid lands of Eastern Africa, many of the conflicts are pastoral in nature and are sparked over access to natural resources such as pasture and water for cattle. As demonstrated in the examples below, conflict also continues to be driven by tribe or ethnicity. The Borana, Gabra and Garri peoples all live in the arid dry lands of northern Kenya and Southern Ethiopia. Some are nomadic, others are settled pastoralists. Despite similarities among these groups, distinctions remain and are fiercely defended. The Regional Conflict Early Warning and Response System (CEWARN) is supported by USAID/EA and helps resolve conflicts throughout the region as demonstrated by the following success stories recorded in the Somalia cluster:
- On April 5, ten goats were stolen from the Borana tribe who pointed the finger at members of the Gabra tribe. In retaliation, members of the Borana group seized 53 head of cattle from the Gabra. The CEWARN Local Peace Committee (LPC) successfully retrieved and returned to the original owners all stolen livestock.
- On April 11, ten goats and five donkeys were taken from Boranas but were successfully returned with the assistance of the LPC.
- Boranas stole three camels on April 14 but two were successfully returned. On April 22 a Garri man stole three camels. He was captured by members of a LPC and as punishment the community elders forced the Garri man to pay two head of cattle and one goat.